Courts of Heaven

The "Courts of Heaven" is another somewhat controversial subject. It is not a new idea and is clearly Scriptural in it's essence. We know that God is a Judge and the Bible is full of details on how he operates in this capacity. We also know that heaven is not just one big room or even just a Temple, but rather an elaborate place with similarities to earth but on a much grander scale! Heaven has numerous courtrooms and they operate somewhat similarly to the courtrooms here on earth, but are naturally quite different. There are also what I would call "councils" or groups which meet but not for a legal proceeding. There is no Judge, accuser or defendant. An example of this is 1 Kings 22:19-22. For the purpose of this article we will be discussing the courts of heaven.


Isaiah 33:22 says, "For the Lord is our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King; He will save us." The Bible says in Deuteronomy 32:36 and Hebrews 10:30, "The Lord will judge His people." Ecclesiastes 12:14 states, "For God will bring every work into judgment,Including every secret thing, Whether good or evil." In Psalm 82, this is much of the theme and it starts, "God stands in the congregation of the mighty; He judges among the gods." We see God judging throughout the Bible, from Genesis to Revelation. While God is the ultimate Judge, the Bible says that God will give us the responsibility in heaven of judging/ruling over the world and angels (1 Corinthians 6:2-3). We also see in the Bible that Satan acts as a prosecutor against the Body of Christ.


It's clear from Scripture that Satan accuses the Body of Christ, the Church, before God day and night (Revelation 12:10). In Job 1:6, we read "Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them. This happens again in Job 2:1. In both of these instances, Satan came from "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it." It's interesting that in Ezekiel 28:14b, it says of Satan before he fell, a type of the King of Tyre, "You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones." Later we read in 1 Peter 5:8, "...your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour." It appears that Satan is before the throne of God accusing us day and night and possibly still occasionally going to and fro/walking on the earth.


Daniel has a vision of the final judgment. In Daniel 7 we read: "I watched till thrones were put in place, And the Ancient of Days was seated; His garment was white as snow, And the hair of His head was like pure wool. His throne was a fiery flame, Its wheels a burning fire; A fiery stream issued And came forth from before Him. A thousand thousands ministered to Him; Ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him. The court was seated, And the books were opened."

Daniel continues to have the vision, "until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom. (Daniel 7:22)" Later it says, "But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion, To consume and destroy it forever. (Daniel 7:26)"

In Revelation we read about the Throne Room of Heaven and the Judgments of God are issued from there. Satan who was accusing us before God day and night is thrown out of heaven with his angels. We read about the Great White Throne Judgment where books are opened and all the dead are judged. We also read in Revelation 19:11 that when Christ returns, "He judges and makes war," in that order.


In Zecheriah 1:10-11, we read, "And the man who stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, 'These are the ones whom the Lord has sent to walk to and fro throughout the earth.' So they answered the Angel of the Lord, who stood among the myrtle trees, and said, 'We have walked to and fro throughout the earth, and behold, all the earth is resting quietly.' Then Zecheriah sees Joshua the high priest and Satan standing at his right hand to oppose him (Zecheriah 3:1). An Angel says, ""Thus says the Lord of hosts:

'If you will walk in My ways,
And if you will keep My command,
Then you shall also judge My house,
And likewise have charge of My courts;
I will give you places to walk
Among these who stand here."

Later the Angel show Zecheriah, They are the eyes of the Lord, Which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth. (Zecheriah 4:10)"

Then Zecheriah sees a flying scroll which the Angel explains is a curse against the liars and those who stole the supplies to build God's Temple.

Then Zecheriah sees four chariots. The Angel explains, "These are four spirits of heaven, who go out from their station before the Lord of all the earth. The one with the black horses is going to the north country, the white are going after them, and the dappled are going toward the south country." Then the strong steeds went out, eager to go, that they might walk to and fro throughout the earth. And He said, "Go, walk to and fro throughout the earth." So they walked to and fro throughout the earth. And He called to me, and spoke to me, saying, "See, those who go toward the north country have given rest to My Spirit in the north country. (Zecheriah 6:5b-8"


In 1 Kings 22:19-22, God asks the host of heaven who will persuade Ahab, the king of Israel, to fight Syria. In Hebrews 12:1, it says we are surrounded by a great coud of witnesses. In these and other Scriptures we see that God, along with a whole group of elders, angels, creatures, and believers from the beginning are watching the earth closely, making judgements, and behaving like a court. In cases like Sodom and Gomorrah,


In Luke 18, Jesus teaches a parable "that men always ought to pray and not lose heart." The parable is about a widow who went to the judge of a city and asked him to, "Get justice for me from my adversary." The judge does it so the widow won't weary him by her continual coming. Jesus then says, "And shall God not avenge His own elect who cry out day and night to Him, though He bears long with them? I tell you that He will avenge them speedily." It is interesting that Jesus refers to God as a Judge when we cry out to Him.


It appears that God, at least sometimes, discusses our prayers in a court, the Devil acts as a prosecutor and makes a case against us, and God makes a ruling and decrees a judgment. There are numerous books in heaven, incuding one for our destiny (e.g. Psalm 139:16; 2 Timothy 1:9), books for other "peoples, nations, tongues, and kings" (e.g. Revelation 10:8-11), books of our deeds (e.g. Malachi 3:16-18; Psalm 56:8) and even Jesus has a book (Psalm 40:6-8; Hebrews 10:5-7).

So part of heaven operates like a court system, and we are sometimes the defendants to the Devil and the plaintiff in our prayers. This has obvious implications and should alter the way we pray. Some people even have prayer sessions where they are led to specific court rooms in heaven and conduct court sessions. These people report seeing people like Noah, demonic entities, etc. I do want to learn more about this and I do know we will be amazed when we get to heaven and we see how all of this operates, and participate in it. However, we can experience all of this now, while we are alive, and I believe this is what God has called us to do. We are to model what we see in heaven and what we see our Father doing so it can manifest here on the earth. It is widely believed that the seven churches mentioned in Revelation represent different church ages and we are in the last church era of the Lukewarm church (Revelation 3:14-22). In Revelation 3:21, Jesus says, "To him who overcomes I will grant to sit with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne." We may not fully understand what this ultimately means but it is exciting to think that we have this priviledge if we overcome.

© Todd Tyszka
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