Creation is a somewhat controversial subject. It is clear from the Bible that God, and more specifically Jesus Christ (who is God), created everything:

God created all alone (Isaiah 44:24) - "Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, "I, the Lord, am the maker of all things, stretching out the heavens by Myself, and spreading out the earth all alone."

All things created by/through Jesus (Colossians 1:16-17) - "For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together."

By the way, there is no difficulty here at all when we realize that the Trinity is involved. The Trinity is the doctrine that God is three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Son is the Word, which was God and with God (John 1:1), that became flesh in Jesus (John 1:14). Since Jesus is the second person of the Trinity, and He has two natures, divine and human (Col. 2:9), we can then have Jesus being the creator and God being the creator alone. In other words, Jesus is God and God created all things alone.

"In the beginning was the Word, . . . All things were made by Him; . . . and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not" (John 1:1,3,10). It is the foundational message of the book of Hebrews: "God. . . . Hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son, whom He hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also He made the worlds" (Hebrews 1:1-2).

Even the apostle Paul said that he had been called specifically to preach "the unsearchable riches of Christ; And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ" (Ephesians 3:8-9).

Everything in heaven and earth was created by Him, and for Him! "For of Him, and through Him, and to Him, are all things: to whom be glory for ever. Amen" (Romans 11:36)

Thankfully there are a lot of Christian organizations which are defending Creation (that God created everything in the whole universe out of nothing - creatio ex nihilo) and debunking the hypothesis of evolution between "kinds." It is essential to clearly define terms in this discussion and this eliminates much of the debate. For example, the "species problem."


"The species problem is the long-standing failure of biologists to agree on how we should identify species and how we should define the word 'species'."[1] Darwin noted, "... I was much struck how entirely vague and arbitrary is the distinction between species and varieties."[2] Creationists clearly do a disservice by saying things like there is no "evolution between species" or there are no "transitional fossils or forms" when some scientists define these things differently. There are numerous transitional fossils and forms between species as some scientists define species. And evolution is a fact, but within the same "kind." The Bible uses the term "kinds" ((Hebrew: min) and this distinction is essential. In Genesis 1, God creates plants and animals "according to their kinds." This word is also used when God instructed Noah to take two of every kind of animal onto the Ark. Plants and animals were created to reproduce within their kind and this is why kinds (e.g. dogs and cats) can't reproduce. Natural selection, mutation, and other mechanisms allowed speciation within the kinds to occur. This is why we have the phenominal diversity we see today and interestingly, it has been estimated that "of all species that have existed on Earth, 99.9 percent are now extinct."[3]


When we discuss creation, we also need to recognize that there are different interpretations of Genesis 1-3 and the creation days. Christianity does not have one view on Creation. These interpretations include the calendar day interpretation, the day-age interpretation, the framework interpretation, the analogical days interpretation, the "gap" (or "reconstitution") interpretation, among others. A good treatment on these can be found by the Presbyterian Church in America at and I agree with William Lane Craig's assessment that we currently can't be certain which interpretation is exclusively true, which can be found on his website at Personally I have favored a literal interpretation of six 24-hour days but admittedly the sun, which is currently responsible for our 24-hour days, was apparently created on fourth day (Genesis 1:14-19). So it doesn't appear that we have a clear understanding on how God created but that's ok. We are to "major on the majors and minor on the minors," and this is a "non-essential."


The Intelligent Design Theory is gaining acceptance from the scientific community and it simply shows how clear it is that the universe was created by an intelligent designer. There are many books on this subject and I encourage you to go to the resources I list below and go to your local Christian bookstore or library for some Christian books on this subject.

An excellent well-respected book on Intelligent Design as it relates to the "Cambrian explosion" is Darwin's Doubt: The Explosive Origin of Animal Life and the Case for Intelligent Design by Stephen C. Meyer.


There is obviously a lot of information pertaining to this subject and it gets updated with new discoveries, etc. I don't have time to do this so I will simply refer you to some Christian organizations which are currently leading this research. I would recommend, in no particular order, Answers In Genesis, Institute for Creation Research, Creation Ministries International, Creation Today, and there are many others. You can find huge lists at the following websites:

There are also a number of Intelligent Design organizations which are listed at


1. Hey, J. (July 2001). "The mind of the species problem". Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16 (7): 326–329. doi:10.1016/S0169-5347(01)02145-0.
2. Darwin, C. (1859). On the origin of species by means of natural selection. London: Murray. pg. 48 ISBN 84-206-5607-0.
3. "Roundtable: Mass Extinction". Evolution: a jouney into where we're from and where we're going. WGBH Educational Foundation. 2001. Retrieved 2008-01-23.

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