Genocide

The dictionary defines genocide as " the deliberate killing of people who belong to a particular racial, political, or cultural group."[1] Genocides have occurred throughout history and even until this day. The most well-known genocide was the Holocaust, the attempted extermination of the Jews by Nazi Germany. In fact, Raphael Lemkin, in his work Axis Rule in Occupied Europe (1944), coined the term "genocide" by combining Greek genos (γένος; race, people) and Latin cīdere (to kill) after this genocide.[2]

After the Holocaust, Lemkin successfully campaigned for the universal acceptance of international laws defining and forbidding genocide. In 1946, the first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution that "affirmed" that genocide was a crime under international law, but did not provide a legal definition of the crime. In 1948, the UN General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide which legally defined the crime of genocide for the first time.[3]

Genocide has been occuring toward Jews and Christians throughout history. It is happening today, particularly in the Middle East. Christianity is illegal in numerous countries of the world, with dozens that have made it illegal to evangelize. Christians are punished by torture, and often imprisonment and death. There is more persecution for being a Christian today that ever before in history.

There are several other terms related to genocide, such as:

Autogenocide - the extermination of a country's citizens by its own people or government.[4]

Democide is a term revived and redefined by the political scientist R. J. Rummel as "the murder of any person or people by their government, including genocide, politicide and mass murder." Rummel created the term as an extended concept to include forms of government murder that are not covered by the term genocide, and it has become accepted among other scholars.[5][6][7] Rummel presents his definition without referencing any previous uses, but the term democide was defined and used in English more than 40 years earlier by Theodore Abel.[8] According to Rummel, democide passed war as the leading cause of non-natural death in the 20th century.[9][10]

Gendercide is the systematic killing of members of a specific sex.[11] This is currently happening in China and India.

Infanticide (or infant homicide) is the intentional killing of infants. Neonaticide, killing within 24 hours of a child's birth, is most commonly done by the mother whereas infanticide of a child more than one day old is slightly more likely to be committed by the father.[12]

Much more could be said about genocide and the related topics. I encourage you to study the history of these practices and follow the current cases such as Sudan, South Sudan, Burma, D.R. Congo, N. Korea, Syria, the Falun Gong in Communist China which has been considered genocide, and possibly other countries.

Some websites I found informative include Genocide Watch and United to End Genocide.

Wikipedia has a list of genocides by death toll you can view by clicking here.

FOOTNOTES:

1. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/genocide
2. "Genocide" in the Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed.—"1944 R. Lemkin Axis Rule in Occupied Europe ix. 79 By 'genocide' we mean the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group."
3. Rubinstein, W. D. (2004). Genocide: a history. Pearson Education. p. 308. ISBN 0-582-50601-8.
4. MSN Encarta - Dictionary - autogenocide definition. Archived 2009-10-31.
5.Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy, Stephen Thane Davis, Westminster John Knox Press, 2001, ISBN 0-664-22251-X Google Books
6. Understanding and Preventing Violence: The Psychology of Human Destructiveness, Leighton C. Whitaker, CRC Press, 2000, ISBN 0-8493-2265-0 Google Books
7. Contemporary Responses to the Holocaust, Konrad Kwiet, Jürgen Matthäus, Praeger/Greenwood, 2004, ISBN 0-275-97466-9 Google Books
8. The Sociology of Concentration Camps, Theodore Abel, Social Forces Vol. 30, No. 2 (Dec., 1951), pp. 150-155
9. R. J. Rummel (Feb 1, 2005). "Democide Vs. Other Causes of Death".
10. R. J. Rummel (1998). Statistics of Democide: Genocide and Mass Murder since 1900. LIT Verlag. ISBN 978-3825840105.
11. Warren, Mary Anne. Gendercide: The Implications of Sex Selection. ISBN 0-8476-7330-8.
12. Maureen Marks. "Infanticide". Psychiatry 8 (1): 10–12. doi:10.1016/j.mppsy.2008.10.017.


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